Projects & Participants
Multifunctional Bedcare unit For Bedsore Patients
In this project we are implementing a bed which will prevent the bedsore and heal bedsore .Bed sores are a major problem for patients who are confined to bed or a wheelchair. Bedsores are the painful, often reddened area of degenerating, ulcerated skin caused by pressure and lack of movement, and worsened by exposure to urine or other irritating substances on the skin. Untreated bed sores can become seriously infected. They can be prevented by moving the patient frequently, changing bedding, and keeping the skin clean and dry. Bedsores are also called a pressure sore, decubitus sore, or decubitus ulcer. In this project we are implementing a bed care unit which will prevent the causation of the bedsore. There are mainly four features included in this project. First feature we are including is an automatic movement system to provide the movement for the sections of bed if the patient is not moving within 30 minutes. Secondly, we are implementing an alternate heat/cold generation system .Then we are including a humidity detection system to alert the caregivers .Finally we are including an automatic fragrance system in order to remove the bad odour from the bedsore patients.
The SEEDING MACHINE will eject seeds when you push it and When you stop pushing the seeding stops! There is no engine, no motor, and no battery.
SEEDING MACHINE are designed to deliver seed product through a durable wheel plate which is driven by the wheels. seed is fed to the wheel plate & then delivered to the pipe, as you forward. For the convenient and accurate application of seeding, all type of seed. For all garden and grass areas, cotton, soybean, corn and drives, particularly block paved driveways ‘with the ever increasing demand for environmentally friendly products SEEDING MACHINE are the perfect machines for today’s grounds man. A twin distributor with a adjustable width. Tank capacity is 2kg Suitable for larger gardens, farm, small, garden etc.
Our country is a greenish country. Also the 90% of people in the villages of our country work as farmers. Farming is a very heavy duty job. By development of different techniques in agricultures farmer get maximum profit. The manual effort get reduced.
Seeding operation is most important operation.As well as essential.The seeding is considered as the first operation of farming .To till date many equipment has been available in market for seeding but this all are conventional source of energy. Thus farmer has more efforts to do this operation.So that most of the human effort want to be involved in the seeding operation
Always possible provide the worker for seeding operation.Because of most of the farmer work this job selfly with help of familier. From considering above all consideration the seeding operation would know the first problem of farming.
The “HELIOP ED” is a single person 3 wheeled caniers that can be used by people who have difficulties in walking or are handicapped or paralyzed. In this vehicle the person can lie dovvn and ride the vehicle in a reclined fashion. It is mainly aimed at people who have difficulties in walking or have paralyzed or damaged legs but functioning arms.
It is driven by a brushless DC motor and controlled electronically using microcontrollers. It draws power from solar charged batteries and thus is an eco-friend1y means of transpOli. It is a highly efficient vehicle with excellent control. It can move over ordinary roads and does not require special surfaces. It provides two modes of operation .One supporting constant speed, specially aimed at old people where there is no facility for acceleration beyond a limit. The other mode facilitates acceleration to the maximum supported speed. The vehicle has a steering unit and braking unit which control the actions of steering and braking unit using brushed DC motors.
The vehicle is an innovative and an enterprising solution for transportation in the future as it relies on solar power charged batteries which bears important significance in the present scenario of rising fuel prices and shrinking fossil fuel resources. The vehicle has a maximum power point converter to ensure efficient charging. It makes use of two micro controllers for the efficient control of the vehicle. The vehicle also has additional features like shock absorbers.
DENSITY AND PRIORITY BASED TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM USING COMPUTER VISION IN ARM PROCESSOR
This project is targeted for a typical developing country like India where the traffic density is raising exponentially but not the infrastructure to contain it. Most of the traffic junction control signals works based on fixed time concept, the time for Green/Red signals are previously set on the basis of expected traffic densities. Such systems are not dynamic and yields poor results in many situations. Comparatively newer trend is the use of close circuit cameras in traffic junctions and in high density areas for surveillance. But compared to the huge amount of money spend by the government for just the surveillance system is inefficient.
Our system is designed to improve the existing traffic control and surveillance systems by multi-tasking the cameras of surveillance systems to control traffic flow. This improved traffic control system will take into account wider range of subtleties in traffic patterns using image processing techniques, and will be a standalone system powered by an ARM processor.
The system can track traffic density at junctions using live feeds from cameras and control the traffic signals Red, Green& Amber. The time given for PASS/STOP at a junction is dynamically determined based on the density of vehicles through each route. The novelty of our concept work is that the control is not just based on density but priority. Priority will be given to specific class of vehicles like ambulances, police vehicles etc. high priority vehicles will be automatically tracked using an advanced method like Machine Learning algorithms for feature detection from images with very high accuracy. These algorithms make the system intelligent enough to detect multiple ambulances from the video feeds, these algorithms can account for any level of zoom (distance of ambulance from junction), change in its orientation, or change in light intensities.
Considering the number of parallel processes, the whole system will require intensive processing power at every junction, deploying a computer for this purpose is neither feasible nor economical. Our system uses stand-alone processing unit powered by an ARM processor running an Angstrom Linux which can give equivalent processing power but consumes very less power and can even be powered using a solar panel and a battery pack. The whole system is directly deployable at any traffic junction as a standalone unit and is cost effective and feature rich compared to present technologies like Internet Protocol (IP) cameras.
ELECTROSOFT- SOFTWARE TO SCHEDULE POWER SUPPLY FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES
The purpose of ELECTROSOFT is to provide such software which saves electricity by scheduling the devices and minimizing the human mistakes .
The software is for automation of power supply of electronic devices . To schedule power supply for electronic devices, this may not have embedded scheduler . To save the electric power due to human errors which are likely . To maintain centralized control for number of devices . To provide only Administrator level control. The software includes: Maintaining the time scheme for the devices (upto 8). Provides quick information of device status. Provides a user friendly glossy interface. Password protected entry & exit.
ElectroSoft can be used in large organizations to schedule their electronic device which consumes more electric power as well as small scale organizations . Also, in an organization it can manage the power routine of some common electronic devices like Lights, fans, Air conditioner ete. From national aspect, it can be used to manage the electric power of street lights of a certain landscape by setting the time in the ELECTROSOFT. It can help in Colleges, Universities and schools to schedule their Hooters or Sirens, Mobile Jammers, Loudspeakers & Security cameras.
AIR POWERED BIKE
In a vehicle engine comprising a compressed air powered engine and tank assemblies , an engine connects to the vehicle drive wheels and is powered by compressed air and operates without emitting air pollutants and tank assembly comprises of replaceable lor rechargeable main air tank assembly containing air at high pressure .
The air tank is filled with the help of external air compressor. A plurality of high pressure hoses finally communicates the compressed air to the cylinders of the engine via in-take valve. The pneumatic distributor supply compressed air to the cylinders where in the pistons are at the top dead centre, making every down stroke a power stroke. The modified dual lobed cam shaft operates the exhaust valves so that every up stroke of a piston is ail exhaust stroke and exhaust freely escapes through the exhaust manifold .The regenerative circuit help us to increase the mileage
Engine speed is controlled by a throttle valve regulating the flow of air from the tank to the engine in-take valve.
LOW COST PEPPER SEPARATOR
Indige:r:oOus to India, pepper, rightly called the King of Spices, is one of the oldest and best-known spices in the world. India has always reigned supreme in the production and export of this most exotic and sought-after spice Pepper. Indian pepper had a profound influence on the European economy of the middle Ages. Many western countries owed their prosperity to this spice, which fetched them a very high price. Easily. the finest in quality anywhere, Indian pepper is grown in the monsoon forests along the Malabar Coast in South India. Here, a combination of natural advantages and organic techniques produces bigger, better shaped, more aromatic and flavourful berries. Two of the most celehrated trade varieties of Indian black pepper are ‘Malabar Garbled’ and ‘TeHichery Extra Bold’. India also offers green pepper in several processed forms – frozen, dehydrated, freeze-dried and packed in brine. Pepper is a perennial climber requiring the support. Manual pepper threshing is a difficult process since there is no method existing to cope with high production needs of the farmers. Through this project we are aiming to make a simple, economical and practically feasible solution to this problem.
Automated Maternal Health Care System
According to UNICEF every minute at least one woman dies from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth, which means 529000 women a year! And in addition for every woman who dies, around 20 more suffer injury, infection or disease approximately 10 million women each year. Lack of proper information, inaccessible, unavailable and poor quality care during pregnancy finally results in complications and is fundamentally responsible for maternal deaths. Thus maternal mortality is a cause of great concern even it is one of the 8 millennium development goals listed by UNICEF.
It is revealed that nearly 50% maternal death occurs due to not involvement of proper medical care and lack of knowledge. Research shows the single most important intervention for safe motherhood is to make sure that a trained provider with midwifery skills is present at every birth that transport is available to referral services. We are creating a comprehensive platform where pregnant women themselves (or any other person) come to know about pregnancy problems and how to handle them. Information is proVided to Govt. & NGOs so that they can realize the true picture about different pregnancy problems and take necessary measures on birth spacing, timing and limiting for nutrition and health, and on improving the nutritional status of pregnant women to prevent low birth weight or other problems. We also have provision in our project for emergency services like on-spot ambulance facility, 24X7 helpline etc. we also provide other amenities such as appointment with local doctors instantly.
1. We expect our project, implemented properly, will reduce maternal death and infant deaths significantly in considerable short span of time.
2. Information on essential obstetric care will make mothers capable of taking personal care and stop doing any job of risk.
COCOBOT (Manually controlled coconut harvesting robot)
Of the many problems the coconut farmers face today, coconut tree climbing appears to be the most challenging. Unavailability of workers and the increased wages point to the need of an alternative to this. Our project aims at bringing a solution to this by the construcUon of a robot capable of climbing trees, cutting down coconuts and palm leaves, cleaning the tree tops and spraying pesticides. The system has been so designedthat it could be controlled by women and even children. This machine provides an alternative to the laborious and risky task involved in climbing the coconut tree. The system is advantageous since it is easy to operate, risk free, non-hazardous and rugged. The -machine can be mounted on to a tree simply by locking two pins and can be operated using a wireless remote from a safe distance by observing the video of the tree top from the camera mounted on the machine. The camera transmits the image on to the screen of the remote. The machine is solar chargeable which makes it energy conservative. Stnce it has no poisonous emissions it is clean and eco-friendly.
Due to rapid decline in agricultural practices in India, boosting up of traditional agricultural practices is the need of the hour. The main factor in decline of agriculture is the tedious and time consuming procedure required for traditional agricultural practices, and this is the main reason which repels the youth from undertaking agriculture as their profession or even as a sub profession. This can be solved by automation of the tedious procedure, thus attracting youth into agriculture.
Project HARITHA (Hybrid Automated Remote Irrigation TecHnique for Agriculture) is a user friendly automated solar powered irrigation system which aims at the complete automation of the irrigation of vegetation – both paddy field and gardens, thereby reducing the workload of the farmers. As clearly depicted in the block diagram, the system works on a solar powered water pump, whose functioning is controlled by a microcontroller, which supplies water to all the regions of the field after assessing the water level for flood type irrigation and by checking the moisture level in the ground for normal irrigation system. The water for the irrigation purpose is collected using rain water harvesting techniques. The rain water is stored in tanks which will be used for the irrigation. Our project works in two configurations- for flooded type irrigation and for normal irrigation. In the case of flooded type irrigation, the water level indicating sensors placed at various points in the field detects the level of water present in the field. If the water level is below the desired level, the water pump is switched on and water is supplied. Once the desired water level is achieved, the pump is switched off. For normal irrigation systems, we intend to make use of drip irrigation. The moisture detectors placed at various positions in the field detect the moisture content in the soil. In case the moisture is low, the area is watered well. There will be provision in the system to provide fertilisers to the field in case the farmer intends to. However this is a manual process in which the fertliser should be added to the water tank from which the field is watered. We also intend to alert the farmer through SMS in case of unforeseen incidents like low battery levels, improper working of the motor and low water level in the water tank. Please see the attached block diagram of the proposed project. Inorder to improve the user friendiness of the equipment an LCD interface and a keypad is provided.
Aims and Objectives
- Automated irrigation
- Reduction in water consumption
- High energy efficiency
- Increased productivity
- Reduction in workload
- Remotely controlled irrigation
- highly customizable device
- A user friendly device
Intelligent Home Navigation System for Elderly and Physically Challenged (IHNS)
We propose a robotic system which is suitable for the elderly and the physically challenged people who are unfortunate to have lost ability in their limbs due to paralysis or by birth or by old age. Elders find it tough to move inside the house for day to day activities without help or external aid. We propose IHNS which makes use ofa wheelchair that can be used by elderly or physically challenged to move inside the home without difficulty and without external aid. The elders may also forget the way to the different rooms in house due to the increase in forgetfulness as they become older. The physically challenged, find difficult to move the wheel chair without help from others. By making use ofIHNS, the elderly and the physically challenged can go to different rooms in the house like kitchen, living room, dining room etc by just showing a gesture which is predefined to that particular room. One category of physically challenged called quadriplegics often retains some imprecise motion of their fingers, though they may find it difficult to exert any sort of force or leverage.
The proposed system is low cost, low power, user friendly, gesture-based and electric wheel chair which is suitable for both rural and urban elder and physically challenged population. This should not be confused with the usual image associated with the words ‘gesture recognition’ that comes to mind, where a person. makes large motions with his hands in front of a camera. The system comprises of a wheelchair, gesture capture module, gesture recognition module and motor control module. The system uses a small camera mounted very close to the user’s hand, which tracks the small movements of their fingers to understand where they wish to travel to. The recognition system is then interfaced to the wheelchair control system in order move it to the desired location. The system is a robust, real-time vision-based hand gesture recognition engine reliable enough for steering a wheelchair. The processing involved is not too resource intensive and we have made use of several optimizations to the capture hardware that have ensured a consistent quality to the gestures being captured and made software processes such as background subtraction unnecessary. The recognition system is then interfaced to the wheelchair control system in order move it to the desired location.
Autonomous Underwater Explorer
This AUE is an autonomous underwater robot which dives in to the sea and reaches the required Gps waypoints which are entered at the starting mission of AUE. This underwater explorer dives deep in to the sea and records the pressure and dissolved oxygen content in water.It also has a camera to take under water photographs. The AUE has vital importance in countries like india which has long coastal areas. It can be used to observe under water species for research purposes. These robots are advantageous as they can employed in sea for more time and can also be used for assessing disasters like Tsunami.The innovative point about our model is that it will be a commercial competition for any other device that is already existing in underwater research and will be affordable to even a lower middleclass fisherman for maintaining his fisheries farm. Every aspect of producing AUEs on a large scale are studied by our team to make it more affordable and superior in functionality, durability and require only minimal maintenance.
The depth of the AUE can be controlled by adjusting the water in the ballistic tank. The float or submerge of AUE depends on its buoyancy. The propellers are used to produce thrust in the water
HUMAN POWERED VEHICLE – VELOMOBILE
The transportation has a very important influence on the future of society. Cycling as transportation is recognized as beneficial and sustainable means of transportation and is increasingly included in transportation policies in nations around the world. One of the cycling technologies that have been latently present is the ‘human-powered’, weather protected Velo mobileUsing the social construction of technology theory, an appropriate framing of the velo mobile concept is proposed, giving velomobile a place as a mode of individual transportation
A velo mobile is about as different from a bicycle as taking a parallel for motorized vehicle. From this frame of reference, the potential of the velomobile concept as a mode of transportation is discussed. The concept of velomobile can thus play an important role to offset the unsustainable transportation patterns in the post modem world and its development as a technology of transportation is a unique opportunity to be seized. A velomobile is a human powered vehicle, fully enclosed for protection from weather and possibly from collisions. They are virtually always single- passenger vehicles. They are derived from bicycles and tricycles, with the addition of a full aerodynamic shell.
RESULT:- Robust face recognition is proposed which is invariant to rotation and has multiresolution capabilities. The recognition rate was calculated with a slight rotation of the faces in the database. The recognition rate for ORL database is found to be 97.5% for a database of 40 persons (10 samples/person), wherein 8 images are used as training images and the remaining 2 images of each person are used for testing. Recognition rate is found to be better if more number of samples of each person is taken for training.
Arecanut Tree Climbing And Pruning Robot
Farming of one of India’s highest economic return generating cash crop, arecanut, is being affected adversely by the lack of labour especially in climbing to harvest the nut. Arecanut tree climbing involves extraordinary skill, stamina and physical strain. The climbing process is perilous as the tree trunk is fairly thin, flexible and tall. Due to a highly flexible trunk, the tree is prone to bending when it experiences uneven force while climbing, which sometimes results in the climber falling down from heights of 20-30m feet, claiming several lives. It necessitates the need for safer harvesting methods. Since the height of the tree is the predominant reason for the lack of climbers there could be two possible ways of solving it namely:
2 Mechanisation or electro mechanical aid
Biotechnology is used here by genetically modifying the tree to be a dwarf to eliminate or reduce the requirement for climbing taller tress thus making the job easier and safer. Yet there are serious disadvantages:
- The life span of such dwarf trees are generally much shorter compared to the standard trees.
- They are more prone to disease thus requiring extra attention and maintenance cost increases.
- Dwarf arecanut trees generally produce less fruits than the normal trees.
Mechanisation and electrification of farms lead to a massive increase in production which allowed huge areas of farms to be brought under irrigation and could be easily maintained with much lesser man power and required less time. But this had its own disadvantages. Accidental mishandling of the mechanical tree-climbing aids lead to serious accidents due to the tendency of slipping off the trunk and the tree trunk breaking due to its inability to withstand the weight of the climber. Hence, automation. which completely eliminates the need for a human to climb up the arecanut tree for harvesting the nut, is the best solution possible.
Agriculture, forestry and high-altitude work will be new fields of robotic application..Picking fruits, trimming or cutting branches are hard and dangerous work. Robots are expected to carry out these works for human being. This section will focus on the research carried out on the available aids for tree climbing.
The development of the biped robots is for performing high-rise work in agriculture forestry. etc. The robot involves two mechanisms climbing and manipulation functions which involve both mechanical systems and control systems.
Smart Card Electricity Bill
Our innovation is to make use of new modern technologies and implement them into more practical fields. We have seen so much progress in the field of science and technology but we are not able to make full use of it. One such area need to improve is the Electricity board billing system. This project deals with the implementation of GPRS technology in the field of electricity board. This project is mainly done for the society welfare. Our existing electricity board billing system in India is obsolete, time consuming and easily manipulated. The major drawback in the existing system is that the meter can’t be accessed by the meter reader if the customer is not present at home. We are proposing a system through electricity billing becomes fully automated and communication is made possible. Our innovation will eliminate the need for employing EB meter readers and this set of employers can be used somewhere else. The amount of time spent in doing all these works manually can be reduced because of this technology. For each home particular id is allocated so that they should be uniquely identified. There is no chance of manipulation in our innovation. This helps in creating a dynamic environment. The long queues in the billing counter can be avoided by implementing our model. This model is also cost effective, practical, socially relevant and efficient. The most important feature is independent on electricity. The data will be sent by the home unit and that data is automatically stored in the back end database at the EB office. Since, all the data are stored in the central archives; it can be view just in case of future references or in case of any discrepancies. This saves hours and hours of manual data entry needed for entering the data into the central system.
Piezo Electric Technology For Charging Hand Held Electronics Devices
Normally we are using the electricity which are produced with the help of natural resources such as water, wind, and coal etc … Producing the electricity with the help of these resources is highly expensive. In our project we are producing the electricity with the help of piezo electric crystals(vibrating crystals) and some electronic components without depending on natural resources. With this technology we can charge the hand held devices without depending on other sources.
By producing electricity with the piezo electric technology for the purpose of charging the hand held devices results in conserving the electricity produced with the help ‘Ofnatural resource. Another advantage of using this technology is the production of electricity simply by the movement of body without depending the environmental conditions such as rain etc …
Using this plezo electric crystal technology will result In effective energy harvesting and it will not create harmful threats to the environmental condition and to the person using it.
TURBO-CHARGER IN PETROL ENGINE (SINGLE CYLINDER 4-S ENGINE)
The main aim for us to select the project is to acquire practical knowledge in the field of Automobile and Gas Turbine.
We have selected “TURBO-CHARGER IN PETROL ENGINE” as our project work and we have used the principle of thermodynamics in developing this project work. Our project includes a single cylinder four stroke petrol engine, a small turbocharger kit, blow by gas re-circulation system and an exhaust emission control system.
A turbo-charger has two rotors. One is the turbine rotor driven by exhaust gases of the engine. The other is a centrifugal pump rotor driven by the turbine. It forces the air-fuel mixture in the engine cylinder. This gives more output at higher altitudes and load. Specific fuel consumption is less. This is due to proper combustion achieved by turbulents and proper air-fuel mixture by better vaporization of fuel.
Exhaust Emission Control System It consists of pulse secondary air-injection system, which introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. This charge of fresh air promotes burning out of the unburnt exhaust gas and changes a considerable amount of hydro carbons and carbon monoxide into relatively harmless carbon-di-oxide and water vapour, which controls the pollution. Blow by gas from crank case is re-circulated through the air cleaner to combustion chamber again, by which pollution level is decreased.
Fully Automated Food Cooking Machine
The concept of hardware is focused on the micro-controller (MSP430f4xx). Other sections include food quantity control (both solid and liquid), heating mechanism, temperature and fan control (for maintaining optimum temperature of cooking chamber), LCD section (for displaying the menus, Quantity, errors or cooking instructions), and keypad (for options to be selected by the user). The food contents are kept in cylinders/beakers which are drained to a main container under controlled process. The timing synchronization of heating and food quantity control is done by controller�s software.
The other important mechanism which was quite difficult task for us was to control the position and motion of the stirrer, for this the mechanical coupling is done between the lower end of the main door and the movable rod under the pulley which is further connected to the fins which are acting as the stirrer, beside this there is an exhaust fan inside the machine whose main purpose is to remove the heat produced inside the chamber because of the coiled heater
In the circuitry design we are directly using the MSP430F46181 trainer kit and the launch pad because the output pins provided by the trainer kit was not sufficient to interface both the LCD and keypad. And there is a PCB which is having one dc/dc converter to increase the voltage level and a temperature controlled fan speed regulator IC which is AMC6821
In the software we have different algorithm for each type of recipe. The controller is programmed for multiple recipes and after selection of a particular dish the algorithm defined for that particular recipe get started where it is defined that what ingredient in how much quantity is to be put in which box and this will be displayed on the LCD clearly. After this the controller knows that what is there in a particular box and a fix delay has also been provided for providing power to the electromagnets or to the solenoid valves so the controller provide a delay for each box to be connected with the dc power supply and after this each box opens at a particular time and we have a recipe completed